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>Creating RIA Services Solutions


Default Solution Structure

In the default solution structure, RIA Services creates a single client project and a single server project. When you create a new project with the Silverlight Application template and select the Enable WCF RIA Services check box, you create a solution with the default structure. A RIA Services link exists between the two application projects. When you build the solution, client code is generated for domain services and shared code. The following illustration shows the default solution structure.

Default Project Structure

The default solution structure is convenient because all domain service types and shared code added to the server project are automatically available to the Silverlight client project after you build the solution. Also, the shared code you add to the server project is visible in the client project. This structure works well when you do not have many domain services in the server project and you do not need to reuse business logic across many different Silverlight applications.

In a solution with the default structure, you can add more Silverlight applications with a RIA Services link to the server project. However, there are limitations of the default structure. The generated code for each Silverlight client can access all of middle-tier code from the server project. For example, if you have three Silverlight applications linked to a single server project and you want to add a domain service that will be used by only one of the Silverlight applications, all three client applications will have a generated domain context for the domain service and will be able to access that domain service.

For more information, see Walkthrough: Creating a RIA Services Solution. For more information about the code generated for a client project, see Client Code Generation.

Silverlight Business Application template

RIA Services also provides a Silverlight Business Application template. This template provides a convenient starting point for building a business application that utilizes Silverlight for the client. The template builds on the Silverlight Navigation Application and uses RIA Services to support authentication and user registration. When you create a project by using the Silverlight Business Application template, RIA Services creates the solution with the default structure. The Silverlight Business Application automatically adds the following features:

  • Login window

  • Registration window

  • Silverlight Navigation

The default authentication mode for the Business Application is Forms Authentication. To use Windows Authentication, you simply change the value of the authentication element in the Web.config file, such as <authentication mode=”Windows”/>, and change the value of the Authentication property on the generated WebContext class. The Business Application template automatically contains code to support either FormsAuthentication or Windows Authentication. For more information, see Walkthrough: Using the Silverlight Business Application Template.

The Services folder of the server project contains the domain services that expose user registration and user authentication. The user registration service utilizes the ASP.NET membership provider to create new users. In the server project, a folder named Models contains classes for defining properties for user and registration data. You can add properties to these classes to customize the user data for your application.

In the client project, the Business Application contains code to simplify developing the presentation layer. The Libs folder and the Controls folder contain assemblies and controls that are used within the template. The Login folder (located within the Views folder) contains the authentication and user registration controls. These controls are automatically enabled in the project. The Resources folder (located in the Assets folder) contains resource strings for text within the project. As you add text to your application, you can add them to the file for application strings.

For more information, see Walkthrough: Using the Silverlight Business Application Template.

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